This blog is dedicated to the sublime instruments called nose flutes and which produce the most divine sound ever. We have chosen to discard all the native models from S. Pacific and Asia, for they need fingering to be played. We'll concentrate on "buccal cavity driven" nose flutes : the well patented and trademarked metal or plastic ones, plus, by a condemnable indulgence, some wooden craft or home-made productions.

Oct 20, 2014

Harry Bachelor, The Musical Rube



Harry Batchelor, was a saxophonist who performed in the 1910s a musical and comical show with a certain success. On the Vaudeville theaters scenes, his show "The Musical Rube" (as he got nicknamed) was a mix of music and imitations. He was a talented muti-instrumentist, mainly focused on the alto saxophone, but also playing tenor sax, clarinet, banjo, ocarina and « nose whistle ».



Apparently, Harry was active and famous from around 1906 (the popular saxophone "wave") and until 1917. Did he leave for war then? I found no other mentions in the newspapers after June.
Alas, no picture with the nose flute...

Oct 18, 2014

Thai Nose Flutes by Kwan

A new nose flute maker in the landscape: Kwan! And a new country on the market: Thailand.

Kwan is a young woman from the south of Chiang Mai in Northern Thailand, who's been making pottery for some 15 years. She produced different kind of dishes, but her specialty is whistles, ocarinas and... nose flutes. Those are made of a mix of clay and sand, and are neatly hand painted to resemble joyful and laughing (and whistling) little skulls.

Photos by Ethical Bazaar:


I ordered a nice bunch of them at Ethical Bazaar, a very cool shop based in Thailand and founded by Delphine de Sanglier, a french woman at the beginning of 2014. Ethical Bazaar sell local craftsmanship artefacts.

« Yes, Ethical Bazaar a been founded by me this year, in february, and the website is online since August (...) The idea is to create a link between the buyer and the craftsman, to tell and share their daily life. (...) More and more people want to know how are made the things they buy, in which conditions and the caftsmen are very happy too to know that people use and like the fruit of their work ».


Kwan's nose flutes look very much like the small sugar skulls that the Mexicans make for the Day of the Dead, in order to honor the deceased.

Traditional Mexican skulls:


« Long time ago, in Northern Thailand, the inhabitants were using an ocarina-type instrument with two holes, and the shape was looking like a skull. Kwan liked the idea to reuse this reference with the addition of flowers, hearts and lots of colors for the flutes to be pretty, look joyful and with the purpose to remove the fear of the ghosts. And the shape of the nose flute go well with this!».


I received my order rather quickly. The little nose flutes were individually packed in a cellophane sack, with a small sticker on which was printed the "user manual" with the strict minimum (but basically sufficient) instructions.



Kwan's nose flutes are small and totally handmade (no mould to shape them), and thus are truly unique. They are hand painted and provided equipped with a nice neck cord ornated with color pearls. Their back is painted in black, and it seems that they are now signed (some from my order were, some weren't).

On a playability and technical side, the nose flutes by Kwan range from rather good to good, depending on the flute, but anyway a bit "windy" due to a broad mouth hole. As totally hand made, each flute has its own very shape and characteristics, but also depending on your own physiognomy. The nose air collector is shaped according to asian standards, as the Japanese flutes, making hermeticity difficult for european noses with a hard and low columella. But the clay is worked with a great care, and the airway is precise and clean. The fipple may vary in size and specifications, but here too, the work is rather clean.



Here is a short sound sample:



As we wrote above, those nose flutes are painted and ornated with care. Each one is unique. And other designs may be mabe on demand. But the best part is that these nose flute are very affordable: $14 (shipping included!) on this page. They could make very nice gifts for Christmas... and for Christmas, Kwan made a series of new nose flutes, here are the first samples (that should be released soon on the Ethical Bazaar page:

Photo by Ethical Bazaar:




Oct 16, 2014

Aniada A Noar

Aniada A Noar (literally "Each one a fool" in Styrian) is a folk music band born in Styria, a South-East state of Austria. The group was formed in 1981, and is composed of high talented musicians, playing violin, guitar, accordion, bagpipes, jew's harp and several other instruments, among which the nose flute plays an interesting role. Aniada A Noar has published 16 CDs and tours in many countries.

The band is now composed of
- Wolfgang Moitz: flutes, bagpipes, accordion, Jew's harp, nose flute, Piffero. He sings and composes.
- Rupert Pfundner: violin, mandolin, jaw harp, musical saw, bagpipes, nose flute, Piffero, singing
- Andreas Safer: accordion, guitar, mandolin, harmonica, nose flute, vocals. He composes and writes.

As you can see it, all three of them play the nose flute...

Photo: Johannes Gellner


For sure, being from Styria too, the Aniada A Noar members play the wooden Nasenflöten made by Heinrich Handler:

Photo: Marliese Mendel


I don't know when they began to play nose flute on stage or in recordings, but it is at least in 2003, since the instrument features explicitly on (at least) 4 CDs by Aniada A Noar.


2003: Tanzl
2007: Polka Potente
2012: Gott und die Welt
2013: Khult




Anyway, in the 2 first records mentioned above, the nose flute is almost not distinguishable, because mixed with too many instruments and flutes. But the 2 songs featuring Nasenflöten in Gott und die Welt and Khult are really pushed on foreground.

The nose flute on Stolperer (from the CD Gott und die Welt) is a bit weird because played in a very folkloric way. You can listen to it here: Stolperer

And here is a video showing Romanze, the only song in Khult played with nose flutes. But no less than 3 of them! Enjoy:



There are also 2 other versions of this song that you can watch here and here.

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To read more and/or buy Aniada A Noar CDs and books: www.aniada.at

Oct 14, 2014

Austopfon / Néo-Flûte, a Real Mystery! - PART II

Sequel of the post Austopfon / Néo-Flûte, a Real Mystery! - PART I




So, we order some photos. Indeed, this article is the most expensive of all of the posts of this blog, since I ordered specific photographs, with detailed requests for the background, the angle of view, etc. It could have certainly been cheaper to buy a real Austopfon :) But all was kindly made according to my requests.

The first interesting picture is obviously the one of the back of the nose flute, showing the stampings:



Well, there is absolutely no doubt about the brand name: AUSTOPFON. How was this name formed? Was it made from AU (Austria?), STOP and FON (for Phone, "voice" in Greek)? or AUST and OP (?) and FON? My guess (only an hypothesis) is that it has to be cut like this : AUST (Austria) TOPF (pot, cup) FON (Phon) (kind of "Austrian sounding vessel").

Then, the mysterious stamping Ö.P.O... Generally, the D.R.G.M. (Deutsches Reichsgebrauchsmuster) acronym in use from around 1900 and until 1945, was followed by the number of the patent. Sometimes, also by Gesetzlich Geschützt ( or Ges. Gesch.) meaning "legally protected". But for sure, some items were stamped only with D.R.G.M., with no more precision. But I found absolutely no other appearance of the mysterious Ö.P.O.



In fact, I looked very closely (magnifying the photo) and discovered that the transcription Ö.P.O. (mentioned in the MIM description) is wrong (as was the transcription "Nazenfloot"). Indeed, when you stare at the supposed final "O", you can notice that it is much smaller than the letters Ö and P, and that is very bizarre. More, still looking precisely, you can guess two small excrescence on the right of the letter. My guess is this stamping is not Ö.P.O. but Ö.P.a.!

Would "Ö" stand for Österreich (Austria)? It look like (the initial capital "Ö." generally stands for Austria in German) and in that case, the stamping would certainly be the acronym for Österreichisches Patent angemeldet (Austrian Patent pending), and would explain also why there is no number following "D.R.G.M." More, the initial letter of the word "angemeldet" was (and still is) oftenly stamped in small letter.



The acronym could also have stand for Österreichisches Patentamt (Austrian Patent Office), as it is used nowadays :



« Houston, we have a problem here! » It is more than likely that the Austopfon was Austrian, but (as already explained in the first part), Austria didn't exist as such before 1918. It was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. That is only at the very end of 1918 (November) that Austria became the Republic of German-Austria. So, the Austopfon would date of at least 1919. But Mahillon's catalog states of a German origin, and a date before 1913... but let's go further.

Another great picture shows the Austopfon... with its box!



A beautiful cardboard box, with openwork angle irons, and a great drawing on the top. This gentleman with a great moustache has definitely a huge hand, but the drawing is very neat. However, what's funny is the brand name on the box : Néo-Flute, followed by Breveté ("patented" in French). Indeed, inside the lid, there is a user manual that has been stuck, and it is written in French!



It says:

The NEO-FLUTE (Patented)
is the last creation in the musical instruments world.
The novelty consists in that the instrument is played with the nose.
Any person, without any learning, is able to play any song.
The Neo-Flute produces exactly the same sound than the concert flutes.

INSTRUCTIONS
Place the instrument on the nose, whilst applying the superior lip on the small ledge which protrude, and gently blow through the nostrils, keeping the mouth slightly open. With a piano accompaniment or in two or three Neo-Flutes sessions, the effect is magical.

Price: 0.50.



Why the heck is the box printed in French? The probable answer is that the Austopfon has been "rebranded" in order to fit a French speaking market. It is a pity that the price was not followed by the currency unit. Was that 0.50 Belgian Franc, French Franc or Goldmark, Reichmark (the German currency which became the official unit from 1914 to 1918 in Belgium).

However, in 1923, in France, the nickeled version of the Oclariflute was sold 3.60 FF- and in 1924-29 the German Gebrüder Schuster catalog was selling a tin ("Weissblech") Nasenflöte for 2 RM-, and we know that those prices had not evolved a lot. So, even earlier (the Austopfon is necessarily anterior to 1922 since it appears in the Mahillon's catalog), the price of 0.50 is not realistic for a nickeled nose flute, whether the currency was French or German.

100 BF- of 1914 equal ±478 euros of 2005
100 BF- of 1920 equal ±105 euros of 2005
100 BF- of 1930 equal ±55 euros of 2005

(source: harscamp.be)

100 FF- of 1914 equal ±297 euros of 2005
100 FF- of 1920 equal ±83 euros of 2005
100 FF- of 1930 equal ±50 euros of 2005

(source: INSEE.fr)

So, even taking in account the ratio BF- to FF-, it is not consistent that a rather similar item was sold 7 times cheaper in Belgium than it was in France. So, was it labeled in German currency? In that case, datation would not be neither before 1913, nor after 1918! Tricky, tricky, tricky... This price stays another mystery.


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Dating

We know that the very first nose flute in Europe dates from 1912, the Wünderflöte. In his Questions of Phonetic Theory, written in 1916, William Perrett mentioned a Humanatone imitation, « in an inferior quality, and sold as the Wunderflöte. » Perrett quotes Dr. Albert Musehold who wrote his Akustik work in 1912 (see this post).
Indeed, we found Mr. Joseph Goldstein, who filed the patent for a Nasenflöte in 1912 (see this post and also this one for the full story). But it was the Wunderflöte, and not the Austopfon.
So, a nose flute was existing in 1912 in Germany. And that is probably what Victor-Charles Mahillon was aware of when he redacted his catalog. Most of the MIM instruments were acquired by donations, collected by Mahillon. What did he do between 1913 (date of the end of the listing according to Mr. Ernest Closson) and 1922 (date of the book publication)? Storing the new donations in a warehouse without opening the boxes, for a future volume VI ? Is it really impossible to think that other donations elements (the Austopfon is part of one of them), regarded as interesting, might have been lately included in the book during those 9 years? I cannot answer, I don't know the facts. I just ask.

Please, note also that there was another nose flute in Belgium, patented in 1912 by François Vandervaeren (Brussels): the Vociphone. We already exposed this instrument and its patent (check here), but not the instrument with its box. And if you look at the picture below, you can notice that the box looks very similar (same openwork angle irons) and, above all, that the Vociphone itself looks identical to the Austopfon: same nose opening, same flaps, same flap extent folded on the back... But the design of the patent is totally different (check here). What does it mean? Well, our Austrian friends might have copied an early shape/patent and and filed it in their own (new) patent office (as many did, stealing patents that were not internationally registered), or the instrument was filed for Austria by its legitimate owner...(another mystery!) Whatever the explanation, the nose flute Mr. Mahillon had in his hands was not the 1912 Belgian nose flute, but (what we think to be) a post-1918 Austrian one.




Origin

The box is printed in French, meaning that this very Austopfon was not originally bought in Germany (or Austria), but very likely in Belgium (or France). Then, it was donated to the MIM by its owner. How could Mr. Mahillon know (or suppose) it was German since there is no sign of "Germanity" on it, besides the stampings? And the stampings lead us to Austria, not Germany. But in the case Mahillon knew about "the German Nasenflöte dating of 1912", might he have chosen this origin, fitting with the D.R.G.M. stamping (but not the Ö.P.a. one...).

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That's why the Austopfon stays a real mystery. My opinion is that it is Austrian and dates of after 1918. It might also habe been the inspiration for the Nasenflöten that were manufactured some miles North, in Brunndöbra and Klingenthal (Germany) in the 1920-25s, and which became the standard German tin nose flutes, sold in any musical instruments catalogs. Note also that we know, by Mr. Heinrich Handler (nose flute maker in Weiz, Austria) that there were already nose flutes in Austria in the 1920s.

But as usual, no evidences, no (definitive) conclusions.

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Big thanks to Christian Steinbrecher for his kind help about Austrian knowledge.

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Oct 12, 2014

Sunday Gorilla!

Here is a great water color painting by our friend Luby, ukulelist and talented illustrator! She follows a project during which she's producing a drawing per day during one year (you can follow it here). For October 5th, the subject was a cute gorilla playing the nose flute! Here she is, playing her red Bocarina (Aint't she sweet? Look at her over once or twice!).

Oct 11, 2014

Austopfon / Néo-Flûte, a Real Mystery! - PART I

The Musical Instruments Museum (MIM), in Brussels (Belgium), is one of the most important in the world. Its collection gathers more than 8,000 instruments, from all over the world. Its first curator, Victor-Charles Mahillon (Son of the brass instruments maker Charles Mahillon), was at the origin of the huge expansion of the collection. But Mahillon was also the author of the MIM impressive 5 volumes catalog (1880-1922), which served as the basis for the organological Hornbostel-Sachs classification still used today.

The MIM possesses a nose flute, which photo can be seen on Europeana, and accompanied with these comments:

Inventory number 3198
NAZENFLOOT D.R.G.M. Ö.P.O. AUSTOPFON
Germany


A date is provided on the devoted MIM page: before 1913

The picture is medium-small, but large enough to check that the transcription of the stampings is wrong, specifying the noun NAZENFLOOT instead of NASENFLÖTE, which can be read by reversing the picture text (Nazenfloot is *not* a Flemish word for the nose flute).



Redressed image from the picture above:


The stamping D.R.G.M. stands for Deutsches Reichsgebrauchsmuster, meaning that the nose flute was patented either in Germany, or in Austria. It is followed by the acronym Ö.P.O. which could have stood for Österreichisches Patentamt [something] (Austrian Patent Office [smtg]), and thus, would have lead us to an Austrian origin... But the meaning of "Ö.P.O." stays unknown.

Besides that, the brand Austopfon, not fully readable on the picture, was sounding bizarre as to the Nosy Diva (German lady) as to Christian Steinbrecher, musical patents and instruments connoisseur from Austria. Both suggested Austophon, with a "h" instead of the "f", for a more natural Germanic word sounding and morphology. Mr. Steinbrecher even added that if the nose flute was from Austrian origin, it would logically have been from after 1918, since Austria was not existing as such before. In that case, the name would have been built from Austo- (Austria) and -phon ("voice" in ancient Greek).

For sure, I didn't find the patent for this instrument, nor any mention of an Austopfon or Austophon. And since there was at least one mistake in the notice (the funky Nazenfloot), I wrote to the MIM. I received a quick and kind answer from Mr. Wim Bosmans, Curator of the European folk instruments Dept., who ascertained the mistake on Europeana (not Nazenfloot, but Nasenflöte in the stampings), but also confirmed the brand AUSTOPFON, the origin (Germany) and the date ("before 1913"). Mr. Bosmans also added that the instrument was commented in the 5th volume of the Mahillon's catalog, published in 1922, but which listing stopped in 1913, as stated by Mr. Ernest Closson, Mahillon's successor.

I found the 1922 fifth volume of Mahillon's catalog at a reasonable price, and indeed, the article #3198 deals with the Nasenflöte numbered 3198 in the MIM collection. No doubt about which nose flute Mahillon had in hand while writing the notice, but the text doesn't seem to be specific about the Austopfon, as it even doesn't mention the name.




V.-C. Mahillon's french notice says:

Germany. 3198. Nasenflöte (= nasal flute).

Tin device which superior part is set in order to be able to cover the whole nose. The breath projected by the nasal cavities is lead to an
ad hoc aperture; it goes along a kind of airway and gets broken against the inferior edge of a rectangular aperture. The superior edge of this latter, folded and bulging, hosts the lip of the player, whilst the portion of the device below this aperture covers the chin. The player's mouth stays open.

Therefore, the air motion shows a certain analogy with the one produced by the bevel fipple flute; the buccal cavity acting as the vessel of the ocarina, the sound acuity results of the air pressure and of the different opening degrees of the cavity: the sound is all the sharper that the mouth is more open. The range of the nose flute spread in average over two octaves and a half, starting from A 58. It is obvious that it is on the player's ear and his skill that depends accuracy, any intermediate note between the two extreme being possible.


So, the instrument is well described, in the shape, usage and acoustic behaviour. We also learn that the Austopfon has a lip rest.
As a first organological classification, it is also interesting to check where Mahillon sorted the nose flute: Appareils Divers ("Miscellanous Devices"), meaning not in the flutes section, but neither with the whistles.




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The shape of the Austopfon is peculiar: on one hand, it is "very German", because of the rectangular side flaps without rivets, soldered after a small extension of them had been inserted in a little slot and folded on the back. This feature is visible on any of the tin German models (1st version Wunderflöte excepted, which flaps are quarter round):



But on the other hand, the plane part on the top of the airway is longer that the other German models. More, the mouth shield is larger. In fact, on the airway and mouth shield points (but only these), the Austopfon looks very similar to a 1925s Humanatone!




Well, I ordered pictures from the MIM...

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>>>> Access PART II...



Oct 10, 2014

Glass of Beer (Irish Reel)



A very short video by the Incomparable Nosy Diva, shot last Summer in France, at the menhir of La Tiemblais (Saint-Samson-sur-Rance)



Oct 7, 2014

The Nazoo!



Rather excited by the idea of a nose-flute/kazoo (see this last post), I decided to try to build one. So I took a regular Schwan Nasenflöte, and a plastic kazoo equipped with an horn amp (kind of a reversed ear trumpet).

I cut a small disk on the base of the nose flute airway, with a circle cutter, then sanded a bit the countoured text and logo. The nose flute was ready.



There was a little more work on the kazoo, in order to get the whole small vibrating cylinder and its elements. I sawed roughly the area, then closer to the chimney edges, then filed, then sanded, then buffed. Finally, I was able to glue the cylinder on the nose flute, put back the waxed paper disc and the cover over it.



Job was done! The Nazoo was born!



A rather funny instrument... And last but not least, the trumpet amp provides a vert good grip, and makes you look like Siegfried blowing his horn!



Oh! And does it work? Well, to be honnest, using the kazoo by blowing through the nose doesn't produce an impressive sound (nose breath is not powerful enough to get the whole vibrating potential of the waxed paper), but I let you judge by yourself:



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